VCP-410 Real Exam Question (Part 2)

Note: Highlight for Answers

1: After upgrading an ESX host to vSphere 4, which of the following three actions should be taken(Choose Three)

A.restore files to the service console
B.boot into Troubleshooting Mode for proper operation
C.configure licensing
D.verify virtual machine operation
E.connect the host to vCenter if managed
Correct Answers: C D E

2: Before you upgrade an ESX host:

A.back up /proc, /mnt, /tmp, custom scripts and all VMFS datastores
B.back up /home, /etc/init.d and /boot
C.back up /etc/passwd, /etc/groups, /etc/shadow, /etc/gshadow, custom scripts and local VMFS
D.back up /var/logs, /usr, /bin and the dmesg output
Correct Answers: C

3: Before you upgrade an ESXi host:

A.update the ESXi restore CD with the current ESXi image the current ESXi image to another ESXi server
C.copy the embedded ESXi image to a USB flash drive the ESXi configuration using vicfg-cfgbackp s from the vCLI
Correct Answers: D

4: Before you upgrade an ESX/ESXi host (Choose Three):

A.verify current hardware is supported per the vSphere Systems Compatibility Guide the md5sum of the downloaded file to the value on the VMware download website
C.schedule a maintenance window for 32-bit hardware the vSphere 4 Pre-Upgrade Script from the command line the VMware CPU Identification Utility
Correct Answers: A B E

5: The following ESX versions are supported for direct upgrading to vSphere 4 (Choose Two):

A.ESX 2.1
B.ESX 2.5.5
C.ESX/ESXi 3.5
D.ESX 3.0.0, 3.0.1, 3.0.2
Correct Answers: C D

6: In order to upgrade to vSphere 4, an ESX host must have a /boot partition of at least:

A.150 MB
B.200 MB
C.100 MB
D.50 MB
Correct Answers: C

7: The vSphere 4 Host Update Utility upgrades the (Choose Two):

B.virtual machine hardware
C.VMFS datastores
D.service console if present
Correct Answers: A D

8: The vSphere 4 Update Manager upgrades (Choose Three):

A.virtual machine Tools
B.VMFS datastores
C.virtual machine hardware
D.vSphere Client
Correct Answers: A B C

9: vCenter Update Manager is capable of upgrading which of the following (Choose Three):

B.Service Console
C.Virtual Machine Hardware
D.vSphere Client
E.VMware Tools
Correct Answers: B C E

10: The ESX 4.x Service Console Virtual Disk can be located on (Choose Two):

A.a VMFS datastore on software iSCSI attached storage
B.a VMFS datastore on non-shared FC attached storage NFS datastore
D.a VMFS datastore on locally attached storage
Correct Answers: B D

11: Securing an ESX service console is important because:
A.Service Console actions can affect all VMs on an ESX host
B.Service Console permissions are applied to users when logging in to a host via vCenter
C.VMs run in the service console
D.VMs depend on the patch level of the service console
Correct Answers: A

12: ESX Service Console patches should be applied (Choose Two): instructed by VMware authorized technical support personnel
B.when an issue is identified Red Hat makes patches available VMware makes patches available
Correct Answers: A D

13: ESX Service Console patches should be applied (Choose Two): accordance with VMware Security Advisories
B.when notified on the VMware Security Blog
C.when advised by VMware authorized technical support personnel accordance with VMware and RedHat Security Advisories
Correct Answers: A C

14: The ESX Service Console file system structure should (Choose Two):

A.provide separate mount points for /tmp, /var/log and /home
B.avoid filling /
C.avoid filling /home
D.provide separate mount points for /tmp, /var/log, /home and /etc
Correct Answers: A B

15: Which of the following are true regarding the ESX Service Console file system structure (Choose Two)?

A.separate mount points are created for /tmp, /var/log and swap by default
B.running out of space on /var/log can cause vSphere Client connectivity disruptions
C.running out of space on / can cause vSphere Client connectivity disruptions
D.separate mount points are created for /var/log and swap by default
Correct Answers: C D

VCP-410 Real Exam Question (Part 1)

Note: Highlight for Answers

1: An administrator is installing ESX 4.0 on a physical server. Which of the following components would need to be modified or replaced to support a successful installation?

A.4 Intel PRO 1000 Network Adapters
B.2 LSI Logic LSI7202XP-LC Fibre Channel HBAs
C.2 AMD Opteron CPUs
Correct Answers: B

2: Which of the following partitions is specific to ESXi 4.0?

Correct Answers: C

3: An ESX Administrator plans to install additional supported components on the ESX Server that would increase the memory requirements for the Service Console. Which ESX Server partition would also need to be increased during installation as a result?

Correct Answers: C

4: Which of the following tasks can be selected from the home page of an ESX Server (Choose Three)?

A.Download VMware vCenter Server
B.Browse Objects Managed by this Host
C.Browse Virtual Machines in this Host’s inventory
D.Browse Datastores in this Host’s inventory
E.Download VMware Web Access Client
Correct Answers: A B D

5: When installing ESX 4.0, where is the Service Console file system located?

A.In a virtual disk on a local VMFS datastore
B.In a virtual disk on a local or shared VMFS datastore
C.On a local physical disk or on a mapped SAN LUN
D.On a local physical disk
Correct Answers: A

6: The default swap partition size for ESX 4.0 is which of the following?

Correct Answers: D

7: Creating which of the following optional partitions would change the default partition size for /?

Correct Answers: D

8: Additional licensing is required once the number of cores per CPU reaches which of the following?

A.16 or more cores
B.12 or more cores
C.8 or more cores
D.6 or more cores
Correct Answers: C

9: What is the maximum number of cores that can be used with Standard licensing?

Correct Answers: D

10: Once vCenter 4.x has been installed, a License Server is required in which of the following instances?

A.A License Server is always required
B.To support ESXi 4.x Hosts
C.To support ESX 3.5 Hosts
D.A License Server is no longer required
Correct Answers: C

11: Which of the following features is not a part of the vSphere Advanced Edition?

A.VMware Storage VMotion
B.VMware VMotion
C.VMware Data Recovery
D.VMware Fault Tolerance
Correct Answers: A

12: Which vSphere Editions include VMware Data Recovery (Choose Two)?

A.vSphere Essentials Plus or higher
B.vSphere Advanced or higher
C.vSphere Standard or higher
D.vSphere Essentials or higher
Correct Answers: A B

13: What are the minimum vSphere Small Business and Medium/Enterprise Editions that include VMware Data Recovery (Choose Two)?

A.vSphere Essentials Plus
B.vSphere Standard
C.vSphere Advanced
D.vSphere Essentials
Correct Answers: A C

14: Which of the following functions cannot be performed remotely and must be performed from the ESXi Direct Console (Choose Three)?

A.Configure DNS Settings
B.Restart Management Agents
C.Test the Management Network
D.Restore a Standard Switch
E.Configure a Static IP Address
Correct Answers: B C D

15: The vSphere 4 Host Update Utility provides a graphical user interface for (Choose Two)

A.performing a host compatibility check
B.upgrading standalone ESX/ESXi hosts
C.upgrading ESX hosts in DRS/HA clusters
D.keeping guest operating systems patched
Correct Answers: A B

VCP VMware Certified Professional vSphere 4 Self-Study Resources


These series offer a progressive, self-paced study routine for VCP VMware Certified Professional vSphere 4 certification exams, with tools that help certification candidates learn exam topics, gain hands-on experience, prepare for the exam, and practice their test taking skills.


VCAP4-DCA exam blueprint now available

The VCAP4-DCA exam is currently going through the beta phase, invitations were sent out about a week ago and beta exams are being taken this week. At the same time, VMware also published the exam blueprint document, which as always will be THE most important document for an individual to download and digest when preparing themselves for this VMware exam.

The exam covers the following objectives:

  • Implement and Manage Storage
  • Implement and Manage Networking
  • Deploy DRS Clusters and Manage Performance
  • Manage Business Continuity and Protect Data
  • Perform Operational Maintenance
  • Perform Advanced Troubleshooting
  • Secure a vSphere Environment
  • Perform Scripting and Automation
  • Perform Advanced vSphere Installations and Configurations

The blueprint confirms that the exam is based exclusively on live lab activities, with each lab consisting of a number of scored tasks. The exam will use the same 100-500 scaled scoring system as the VCP4 exam, although the passing score will only be set after the beta period. VMware will also set the time for the exam after the beta period. The exam code with Pearson Vue will be VCDA410, and registration for the final exam opens on July 12th.

Update on June 16th:
The content of the exam is very broad and very thorough at the same time, it looks as though the labs will be challenging, and that the VCAP4-DCA certification will be a very significant step-up from the now foundation-level VCP4.

Whilst VMware have not made it compulsory to attend any training courses to qualify for the VCAP4-DCA certification, the exam contains labs similar to those done during the following courses:
vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage and Manage Availability and Manage Scalability
vSphere: Fast Track
vSphere: Manage for Performance
vSphere: Troubleshooting
vSphere: Manage and Design for Security
vSphere: Automation with vSphere PowerCLI

VMware Certified Advanced Professional on vSphere 4 – Datacenter Administration (VCAP4-DCA)

VMware have now announced the new VCAP4-DCA certification for vSphere 4, designed to follow-on from the VCP4 and give those in high-level technical roles the opportunity to demonstrate their advanced-level technical skills in key areas of vSphere and vCenter technologies. The VCAP4-DCA also leads on to the full VCDX4 certification.

For the official VMware page on VCAP4-DCA, follow this link.

To achieve VCAP4-DCA, there are two exams that must be passed:

The blueprint for the new VCAP4-DCA exam will be made available soon, and there will be an invitation-only beta process for the exam too. The VCAP-DCA exam will be the first VMware exam to be based entirely on live labs, and will cost $400 – registration for the exam opens on July 12th. Those who have passed the Enterprise Administration exam for VI3 will be entitled to a discount on the VCAP4-DCA exam.

The exam will be centred around three key areas of expertise in vSphere 4 – performance, troubleshooting, and security, and there will also be some exam content around automation. It will not be compulsory to attend any official vSphere courses to qualify for the VCAP4-DCA exam, but given the content of the exam VMware recommend that the advanced-level vSphere courses are considered to assist with preparation for the exam.

Here’s an outline of the recommended course and exam sequence for those who are new to VMware training/certification who wish to pursue the VCAP4-DCA:

VMware Certified Advanced Professional on vSphere 4 – Datacenter Design (VCAP4-DCD)

As well as the VCAP4-DCA certification, VMware have also launched the VCAP4-DCD certification for those who are capable of designing VMware solutions around vSphere 4 in multi-site, large enterprise environments. The certification builds on the foundation-level VCP4 certification and gives architects the opportunity to use VCAP4-DCD as a step towards the full VCDX4 certificaiton.

To achieve the VCAP4-DCD certification requires two exams to be passed:

The exam will be a mixture of multiple-choice questions and a design exercise, and registration for the exam begins in August. The fee for taking the exam has yet to be set, but like the VCAP4-DCA exam it will be available at a large number of Pearson Vue testing centres around the world. Those who have passed the Design exam on VI3 as part of the VCDX3 program will be entitled to a discount on the VCAP4-DCD exam.

The official VMware page on the VCAP4-DCD can be found here.

The VCAP4-DCD exam will not have a compulsory vSphere training requirement, however VMware are recommending that the vSphere: Design Workshop be considered as the exam objectives are all met by the instructor-led workshop.

Those who are new to VMware training/certification who wish to pursue the VCAP4-DCD should follow this path:

VMware Certified Design Expert on vSphere 4 – Datacenter Design (VCDX4)

To complete the set of advanced-level certifications for vSphere 4, VMware also announced the VCDX4 certification, designed to follow-on from the VCP4 and both new VCAP certifications. The VCDX for VI3 is held by roughly 50 individuals worldwide, most of whom work for VMware or their partners, and VCDX4 is aimed at the same calibre of individuals.

There are four elements to the VCDX4, three exams need to be passed as well as the individual submitting, presenting, and defending a vSphere 4 design to a panel of the current breed of VCDX holders:

The VCAP-DCA and VCAP-DCD exams can be taken either way round, but both must be completed before the process of submitting a vSphere design can begin. Those who pass the VCAP-DCA and VCAP-DCD exams will also gain those certifications en route to achieving their VCDX4.

The only compulsory vSphere training element of the VCDX4 is to achieve the foundation-level VCP4, but VMware recommend advanced-level vSphere courses as part of the preparation for the VCAP exams. An individual wishing to achieve VCDX4 who already has the VCP4 certification should follow this path:

VMware are offering discounts and shortcut paths to those who were persuing the VCDX3 certification, and have completed some or all of that program. The official VMware page on VCDX4 illustrates the various options available.

Official Training on vSphere

OK, I’ve now got the go-ahead from VMware Education to publish the information on the availability of training courses for vSphere 4.
If you’re already experienced with VI3, there will be a 2-day "What’s New" course for you to update your skills to vSphere 4 and learn how to migrate a VI3 environment to vSphere 4. You can actually take a pre-release of this class now, running on the Release Candidate software:
The current Install & Configure course for VI3 will be renamed to "Install, Configure, Manage" for vSphere 4. The course will remain at 4 days in length, and will still be the closest match to the VCP exam for vSphere.
There will also be a "Fast Track" course for vSphere 4, this will be 5 days with extended hours as at currently is for VI3. The content will be the new "Install, Configure, Manage" course, plus additional content on availability, scalability and troubleshooting.
VMware have yet to decide whether to release dedicated courses on availability, scalability and troubleshooting, along with possible content on automation and scripting, and possibly other topics too. These may only be available as part of the "Fast Track", as a separate 4-day course, or even as individual 1 or 2-day courses.
So, the important bit – when will they be available?

The pre-release "What’s New" is available now.

The final release of "What’s New" will be available from the end of June.

"Install, Configure, Manage" will also be available from the end of June.

"Fast Track" will be available from the end of July.

Keep checking back here, and on the main Global Knowledge site for further details:
UPDATE on 26th April:
VMware Education have now posted the official course overviews for "What’s New" and "Install, Configure, Manage" on their website:

Now I am the Master

Something I predicted would happen a long time ago is actually going to happen after all…..
We’ve had the VCP for a long time now, we’ve just about got the VCDX too, but there’s an enormous gap in the middle:

Nothing has been announced officially on this yet, but the "gap" is going to be filled by a "Master VCP" certification for those who complete 2 steps:

1. The current VCP

2. The Enterprise Admin exam which is currently step 2 of the VCDX

Quite how the exam will be run, and where you’ll be able to take it, is yet to be determined, but expect the cost to be £250+VAT. The exam is part multiple-choice questions and part hands-on lab, and I’m actually taking it in 2 days time (I’m registered for the full VCDX) so hopefully I’ll meet the requirements as soon as the "Master VCP" is fully launched.

The exam blueprint is available at:

The blueprint content is a great match to the Deploy Secure & Analyze (DSA) course, most of which is also covered in the Fast Track (FT) course:


FT =

How do you get to be a VCP on vSphere 4?

VMware have now officially announced the variety of ways in which people can obtain the new VCP on vSphere 4 certification. As I mentioned in previous posts, the path for each person depends on whether they’ve attended official VI3 training (like we provide at Global Knowledge) and/or their current status as a VCP.
The various “upgrade” paths are:
Current VCP on VI3 (until 31st December 2009)
1. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam – either attend the vSphere 4 : What’s New course to gain the necessary skills and knowledge, or self-study
Current VCP on VI3 (from 1st January 2010)
1. Attend the vSphere 4 : What’s New course
2. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam

Attended official VI3 course, but not yet taken VCP on VI3 exam

1. Pass the VCP on VI3 exam (only available until early 2010) OR attend the vSphere 4 : What’s New course

2. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam

Current VCP on ESX 2.x (until 31st December 2009)

1. Pass the VCP on VI3 exam

2. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam

Current VCP on ESX 2.x (from 1st January 2010)

1. Pass the VCP on VI3 exam (only available until early 2010)

2. Attend the vSphere 4 : What’s New course

3. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam

None of the above

1. Attend the vSphere 4 : Install Configure Manage or vSphere 4 : Fast Track courses

2. Pass the VCP on vSphere 4 exam

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